Pain after Hip Replacement? Is It Your Tendons?
If you’re planning a hip replacement or have already had one, could a new study mean you should be looking at the health of your tendons? Why would your tendons matter if you have arthritis of the joint? Is there a way to avoid or fix continued pain after hip replacement? Let’s dig in.
The Gluteal Tendons
The New Research
How Can You Avoid Being This Patient?
How can you avoid pain after hip replacement? Many times these tendon issues will be talked about on your MRI report. So look for terms like “tendinopathy”, “tendinosis”, or “tendon tear” in muscles like:
- Gluteus maximus
- Gluteus medius
- Gluteus minimus
- TFL (tensor fascia lata)
If you don’t have an MRI, take some time to press on these spots:
If they’re tender, then get an MRI to check out if you have gluteal tendinopathy.
What Could You Do to Make Yourself a Better Candidate?
How could you avoid or fix pain after hip replacement?
If you have these gluteal tendon issues, first trying to figure out why is a good idea. For example, irritated nerves in the back can cause this problem. That doesn’t have to be full-on sciatica, it can just be low-level irritated nerves with or without back pain. Since the nerves tell the muscles what to do, bad nerve signals can cause these muscles to misfire and the tendons to get ripped up.
Second, treating the tendons before or after hip replacement is a good idea. The most common way to treat beat up tendons these days is using your own concentrated blood platelets (called platelet-rich plasma or PRP). In this case, ultrasound guidance would be used to guide the needle to the bad parts of the tendon and then relief can be achieved in weeks to months as the growth factors from the platelets stimulate healing and growth of the tendon cells. However, note that if the bad tendons were in fact caused by irritated nerves in your back, the back will need to be treated as well.
Other Causes of Pain after Hip Replacement?
First, watch my video above for some causes of butt pain after hip replacement.
Here’s the list of other things that you should consider if you’ve already had a hip replacement and still have pain:
- An allergy to the hip replacement materials. The cement used or the nickel and/or cobalt used to make the device are common allergies.
- A prosthesis that is too short or long. This will cause a leg length discrepancy.
- Hip pain that was from elsewhere, other than your arthritic hip. That means that the hip pain could have always been referred from the low back or from the SI joint (see video above). Hence, replacing the hip joint never treated the original pain generator.
- A hip replacement caused pseudotumor. This is a growth caused by irritation of the local tissues due to the hip replacement device.
- Wear particles from a metal on metal or minimally invasive anterior hip replacement (Birmingham hip or “Hip Resurfacing”). This is wear debris that then irritates the tissues and causes pain.