Shoulder Separation Surgery Recovery: Research Shows You Don’t Need Surgery

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shoulder separation surgery recovery

When I was in medical school, I crashed a motorcycle and separated my shoulder. I was told back then that I could get surgery, but I didn’t do it. Why? I was concerned about AC joint separation recovery time after surgery. Now, 30 years later, I’m glad I didn’t have the surgery. Now I feel vindicated that the latest research backs up my decision.

What Is the AC Joint?

The acromioclavicular (AC) joint lives in the shoulder region. If you follow your collarbone (the clavicle) on the top of your shoulder, you’ll come to a prominence in the bone just before you reach the shoulder. This is your AC joint. As you pass over the AC joint, you will reach a shoulder bone called the acromion. So the joint is situated between the clavicle and acromion; hence, the acromioclavicular joint.

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What Exactly is an AC Joint Separation?

An AC joint separation is often referred to as a shoulder separation in casual conversation. This type of injury occurs when the clavicle is dislocated from the acromion. It’s a common injury for contact sports like football. It’s also important to note that there are different types of AC shoulder separations. Let’s take a look at the types.

  • Grade I: a grade I separation is only a slight joint displacement. This is where the acromioclavicular ligament may become partially torn or merely stretched. When you think of the typical shoulder separation injury, this is likely what first comes to mind.
  • Grade II: this grade of shoulder separation results in partial joint dislocation. This injury results in the acromioclavicular ligament being torn completely, though the coracoclavicular ligament is still in good shape.
  • Grade III: the next highest on the scale is the grade III separation where the joint is completely separated. Both ligaments (acromioclavicular and coracoclavicular) are torn. There’s usually visual evidence of a grade III separation with a bump suddenly appearing on the shoulder.
  • Higher grades: grades IV-VI do exist, but they’re usually a result of a serious vehicle accident, so they’re not as common as the lower grades.

What Does an AC Joint Separation Feel Like?

Each grade of shoulder separation will have its own set of symptoms to look out for. In terms of the lowest grade, you would likely feel tenderness when your shoulder is touched. You’d also feel some minor pain when you moved your arm. At the same time, you can expect bruising around the shoulder. Grade II ups the ante by introducing some moderate to severe pain around the shoulder. You may even experience some swelling in the area. Don’t be surprised if you can actually move your clavicle if you push on it (this isn’t recommended, by the way). For a grade III injury, the symptoms become more serious. Pain will be severe even if you don’t move your arm. You may hear a popping sound if you do move the joint. You’ll see a noticeable shoulder deformity. And much of the time, the injured person will need to support the arm by the elbow, preventing further movement.

Diagnosing an AC joint separation is relatively straightforward. After reviewing the patient’s medical history, the doctor will ask the patient questions such as when the pain began, what they were doing at the time, what leads to more pain, and other important questions. Then the doctor will examine the shoulder while assessing factors like range of motion, tenderness, strength, swelling, and more. Expect the doctor to perform tests around the joint, examining the structure of the bones and ligaments. The patient may even be asked to perform some routine activities that lead to the pain. The doctor will also take a closer look at the neck and back to see if those areas might play a role. This type of examination is usually done for lower grade shoulder separations since those of a higher grade are likely pretty obvious. In many cases, the patient will likely get an x-ray to confirm the diagnosis. An x-ray can also help determine if you’re looking at a shoulder separation or a bone fracture.

The Question of Surgery

As we can see, the AC joint can become dislocated or separated when it is injured, and while a dislocation sounds ominous, conservative measures and a lot of time are usually sufficient for healing. However, when high-grade dislocations occur, those that involve not just the bone but also tears in the ligaments, surgery is usually recommended.

The surgery for this condition usually involves bolting together the unstable joint. There are two problems with this approach. First, the joint is designed to give as you move and bolting it together gets rid of that normal joint flexibility. In addition, the shoulder separation surgery recovery time is not insignificant.

Another type of AC joint surgery is decompression. When the joint has arthritis, it can place pressure on the rotator cuff tendons underneath. To try and help this issue, surgeons will try to take off the bone spur. Take a look at my brief video below to see what an AC joint decompression surgery looks like:

So is AC joint surgery for a separated shoulder the right solution? One study suggests that even for the high-grade (levels III–V) dislocations, surgery may be no better than doing nothing. Let’s take a look.

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Surgery for AC Joint Dislocation No Better than No Surgery

The purpose of the new study was to investigate the outcomes for patients with high-grade acromioclavicular joint dislocation, comparing those who had surgery to those who did not. This means that they studied the worst patients. The ones who usually get offered surgery.

The new research paper was a meta-analysis consisting of 954 patients across 19 different studies. The results? Researchers found no clinically significant positive difference in the group that underwent surgery for their AC joint dislocation, and no differences were found in function between the two groups. However, the group that opted for conservative management with no surgery were able to get back to work faster and had fewer complications and infections. This means that shoulder separation surgery recovery lagged behind, and included complications not experienced by the patients that did not have the surgery!

We can add this to the growing mound of orthopedic surgeries in which we have to ask, Why in the world are we doing this surgery? Other studies have also suggested surgery for AC joint dislocation is no better than no surgery, so this study adds further confirmation and adds to the burgeoning body of literature showing that so many orthopedic surgeries are unnecessary.

The Orthopedic Surgery Slide Continues

If you read this blog, you know that I’ve highlighted so many common orthopedic procedures that have been shown to be no better than fake surgery. Why? These surgeries never made much common sense in the first place. For example, cutting out a piece of the knee meniscus shock absorber means that there is less cushion for the joint. Or fusing the spine just means that the levels above and below this area will sustain more force and cause these areas to break down more quickly.

The upshot? You don’t need surgery for even a high-grade AC joint separation. I’m a living testament to that fact, as 30+ years later I have no issues with heavy weight lifting. I’m so glad I didn’t have somebody bolt my shoulder joint together. Looks like if I did, I wouldn’t have benefitted and might have had some awful surgical complication!

This blog post provides general information to help the reader better understand regenerative medicine, musculoskeletal health, and related subjects. All content provided in this blog, website, or any linked materials, including text, graphics, images, patient profiles, outcomes, and information, are not intended and should not be considered or used as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Please always consult with a professional and certified healthcare provider to discuss if a treatment is right for you.

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25 thoughts on “Shoulder Separation Surgery Recovery: Research Shows You Don’t Need Surgery

  1. Sutton Turner

    I never knew that the acromioclavicular (AC) joint lives in the shoulder region. I recently tore this part of my body. I appreciate the tips for separating surgery ad recovery.

    1. Regenexx Team

      Generally surgery isn’t needed. Please see:

  2. Nathan

    I just got a grade 3 separation, and I’m kind of messed up about it. It just feels really wrong, and I can feel the bone moving around against my traps like a finger pushing from below. I’m considering the surgery just because the sheer wrongness of it is really fucking me up.

    Does it get better? Will I be able to go back to the gym and continue to progress on bench and all that? Will the creaking and gross feeling movement go away? I can’t imagine trusting this shoulder to hold up my own weight, much less a 200 lb+ benchpress. Thanks for the article and reading.

    1. Regenexx Team

      Hi Nathan,
      We’d need more information through the Candidacy process to answer your question. Please see: If you’d like us to weigh in on your case, please submit the Candidate form, here:

  3. shane yoo

    I have grade II/III seperation and it’s been 5 months since. I can lfit heavy weight but when i try to move up to challenging weights, i can feel my tendons stretch and hurt a little. Not to mention it looks and feels very messed up. Doy ou recommend surgery?

    1. Regenexx Team

      Hi Shane,
      For all the long-term reasons stated in the Blog, we don’t recommend surgery until less invasive options have been tried. Please see: To see if you’d be a Candidate to treat this non-surgically, please submit the Candidate form here: or give us a call at 855 622 7838.


    Hello sir,
    I’m diagnosed with AC joint separation in my right shoulder. I don’t bother about the recovery time and all. My question is can I able to do all the exercises as done before? Like dips, pull ups and all…
    What are all the things I must do to get full support from my shoulder to do those exercises. Please let me know….

    1. Regenexx Team

      Hi TAMIL,
      Are you inquiring about the surgery, or regenerative treatment to make the surgery unnecessary?

  5. Fred Roling

    Can this be done if ya got a pacemaker ?

    1. Regenexx Team

      Hi Fred,
      All Regenexx patients go through a Candidacy evaluation which includes medical history. Because these are injections, not surgery, that should generally not be a problem. To see if you would be a candidate, please use the “Get Started” button here: and or give us a call at 855 622 7838.

  6. Jock Walker-Campbell

    Ive been reading lately to establish a modern day “norm” for Grade 6 AC dislocation. I had it now for 30 years without an operation but was warned the day would eventually come that I have pain. So now its happening – just a dull pain in the region and only at times but I believe its getting worse over recent months.
    Im ecstatic to read that no operation may have been the right call but cant seem to find much about the pain that has developed of late.
    Anyone in the same situation ? I imagine Im not alone ?
    tnx :-)

  7. Shavonte

    Nathan to answer your question, “Does it get better? Will I be able to go back to the gym and continue to progress on bench and all that? Will the creaking and gross feeling movement go away? ” There will be pain, it will ebb and flow, as far as the bench press and relying on the shoulder to support your body weight or gym weights as it once did, it will not, it will cause you a lot of pain and you’ll feel it even more later on after the work out, and this is after physical therapy. I have separated both shoulders, a type two on my left playing american football and a type 3 on my right from a motorcycle accident. Four years after the bike accident I still get throbbing pain, I can no longer do as many pull ups as I used to do before the accident and I am 29. Even after a few years it is still very painful to pull weight across my body and sleep on my right arm. Still being in the military does not help, especially when it comes to running. As you can imagine that joint does more than aid in lifting, but balance, running stance and back posture. It cracks and there is pain on random days..but all in all it is bearable. Most days it just feels sore, and though I am limited by the amount of weight I can lift, I still lift almost every day. And despite the soreness when I run, I still run. Pain does not stop you from doing what you love to do, only you do. So if you don’t mind the extra pain, and the feeling of being a little more sore than usual then keep at it..oh you wont be able to lift your woman the way you used to, trust me. But in the end you get great massages.

  8. Jake

    About 15 years ago separated my ac joint never went to doctor about it. I have a pretty good sized lump on my ac joint. My shoulder pops all the time when i lift my arm. I’ve been getting a stiff neck and shoulder pain off and on over the years and it is getting or frequent as time goes on. I was just wondering if surgery was a good option for it or just wait till the pain is mor often. Thanks

    1. Regenexx Team

      Hi Jake,
      Waiting is likely to escalate the situation further as your shoulder is likely unstable. We’d need more information through a Candidacy review to see if you would be a candidate to avoid the surgery, which would be the best option if possible. To do that please use the Are You a Candidate button at the last link. ,Please see: and and and

  9. Tim Russell

    I am 43 years old and plastering for a living. My shoulder was seperated 10 years ago in an mma club. I suffer with pain and am at the point where i am looking at options

    1. Regenexx Team

      Hi Tim,
      Please see: and We’d need more information to see what’s going on through a Candidacy review to see how we can best help. To do that, please use the Candidate form here:

  10. Stacey

    I have a similar question as others. My separation of the ac joint was in 1997 during a soccer game. Level III. I never did PT or immobilized it. In fact, I waited tables and after about a week I started to carry a tray of plates again (albeit with shooting pain down the inside of my arm to my elbow). Now all these years later it is a problem again. I have TOS in that shoulder and my hand goes numb quite often. Because my TOS is vascular at the very least they are sending me to a vascular surgery consult feb 20. I don’t want any of this. Would/Could I be a candidate for this alternative?

    1. Regenexx Team

      Hi Stacey,
      We treat these issues regularly. Please see: We’d likely be able to help but we’d need more information. To do that, please use the Candidate button here:

  11. Angel steffe

    Hello my name is Angel and I am 43 years old I just had a separation of the shoulder I believe a number 3 both ligaments were torn I had surgery and they use the button technique now after post-op we have found out that the buttons have not held and my clavicle has popped back up it is still attached to the buttons but not held in the original space so now I have a slight lump again.. my surgeon states to me that it is okay and we’ll leave it as it is but now I have pain and I also have the Cosmetic issue along with the fat Scar from the original surgery.. I am hesitant to let him open me up again to redo it and I’m also hesitant on any of his advice.. I also had surgery on my wrist due to accident at the same time so he did my shoulder and my wrist and the plate he put in my wrist is not holding either.. I’ve been in healthcare for 25 years and have never seen such a mess I just need some advice..

    1. Chris Centeno, MD Post author

      This is why we usually don’t recommend these surgeries. I would have to review your records to provide advice.

  12. Nicholas Wittenmyer

    I had a grade III separation in 2017 because of a cycling accident. It was pretty severe and my clavicle was sticking way up. I had surgery and post op physical surgery. I have limited my gym work to lighter weights ever since. Now I am experiencing a lot of pain in the trap muscle. It feels really tight and stretched. I am wondering if the cadaver ligaments have failed and that is leading to misalignment of the ac joint and stressing of the trap muscle. The pain is so intense it is totally disrupting my sleep and daily activities. Should I go back to the orthopedic surgeon or physical therapy?

    1. Chris Centeno, MD Post author

      I would need to know more info, best to return to the orthopedic surgeon. If that doesn’t work, then you may want to find a Regenexx physician above at “Find a Clinic”.

  13. Gabe

    What if there is continual pain in a level 3 how cannthst be improved upon
    My husband hurts its been almost a year he went to doctor 2 different opinions, xrays. Chiropractor maybe MLS therapy or tens?
    How can i help him

    1. Chris Centeno, MD Post author

      The joint is likely unstable. It can usually be stabilized which often reduces teh pain through precise orthobiologic injections.

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